Most often the role of the forensic odontologist is to establish a person’s identity. Teeth, with their physiologic variations, pathoses and effects of therapy, record information that remains throughout life and beyond. Forensic odontology has an important role in the recognition of abuse among persons of all ages.
The first forensic dentist in the United States was Paul Revere who was known for the identification of fallen revolutionary soldiers. Dr. Joseph Warren , who suffered a severe head trauma during the war, was identified by the small denture that Paul Revere had fabricated for him.
There are currently 86 Diplomates of the American Board of Forensic Odontology.
However, the American Board of Forensic Odontology still stands behind the technique. Bite mark forensics are not only used for identifying perpetrators, they testified, but is also useful in child abuse cases to prove that bite marks belong to adult members of a household as opposed to other children.
Chapter 10 : Forensic Sciences Physical Matching. Fingerprint Matching. Hair and fibre analysis. Ballistic Analysis. Blood Spatter Analysis. DNA Analysis. Forensic Pathology. Chemical Analysis.
Forensic odontologists are highly experienced, specially trained dentists who use their expertise to help identify unknown remains and trace bite marks to a specific individual. The forensic odontologist may be called in to do so by police officers, the medical examiner or the coroner.
There are seven types of bite marks ; ‘Haemorrhage’ (a small bleeding spot), ‘Abrasion’ (undamaging mark on skin), ‘Contusion’ (ruptured blood vessels, bruise), ‘Laceration’ (near puncture of skin), ‘Incision’ (neat punctured or torn skin), ‘Avulsion’ (removal of skin), and ‘Artefact’ ( bitten – off piece of body).
Graduates of the D.D.S. and D.M.D. programs who wish to specialize may choose to earn a Master of Science or a Doctor of Science in Dentistry. Different specialties may take from 1- 4 years for a master’s or 3- 4 years for the doctorate.
Courses in Forensic Odontology American Board of Forensic Odontology (ABFO) American Society of Forensic Odontology (ASFO) The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Dental School.
A person interested in forensic odontology needs to become properly educated and trained. A Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) or Doctor of Medical Dentistry (DMD) degree is basic, but a traditional dental education does not provide the curriculum and experience that is required to function in this field.
Upon collection of dental evidence, the forensic odontologist analyzes and compares the bite marks. Studies have been performed in an attempt to find the simplest, most efficient, and most reliable way of analyzing bite marks.
A clear impression means that there was significant pressure; an obvious bite signifies medium pressure; and a noticeable impression means that the biter used violent pressure to bite down.
Forensic dentists (also known as forensic odontologists) have two different tasks: to identify the dead by their teeth and to determine who (or what) did the biting when bite marks are found.
The three tasks that a forensic scientist performs are the following; collect and analyze evidence from the crime scene, provide expert testimony, and train other law enforcement in the recording and collection of evidence.
1 : a science dealing with the teeth, their structure and development, and their diseases. 2 : forensic odontology .