A forensic odontologist must first earn a Doctor of Dental Science (DDS) or Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD) degree to become a dentist . Extensive additional training is required in the techniques and methods of forensic odontology, along with hands-on experience, often by shadowing a more senior professional.
As part of the forensic scientific team, dental hygienists can play a role in solving cases and assisting in closure for victims’ families. Forensic scientists collect, preserve, and analyze scientific evidence found during the investigation by CSIs and law enforcement officials.
Forensic odontologists can work in a variety of settings, including dental schools and medical examiner’s offices. Many, however, operate regular dental practices and work as consultants on legal cases.
There are currently 86 Diplomates of the American Board of Forensic Odontology.
Different specialties may take from 1-4 years for a master’s or 3-4 years for the doctorate.
Salary & Job Outlook: The average annual salary for Forensic Odontologists remains $150,000 – $185,000 , depending on their experience and qualification.
Upon collection of dental evidence, the forensic odontologist analyzes and compares the bite marks. Studies have been performed in an attempt to find the simplest, most efficient, and most reliable way of analyzing bite marks.
Teeth appear to be vital pieces of evidence in several such investigations. Teeth are preserved in the closed cavities of the mouth and are generally resistant to the threatening environmental conditions that may be associated with the death of an individual, making them very useful in postmortem analysis.
Evolving trends have been observed in the conventional methods used such as dental record maintenance, dental imaging techniques, bite- mark analysis , DNA analysis using oral tissues, cheiloscopy, and rugoscopy.
With such a profile a forensic odontologist can identify and report indicators for age at time of death , race and sex. Forensic odontologists can usually determine the sex, race and age (at the time of death ) from careful study of the teeth, their anatomical arrangement and the skull’s osteological features.
2928. Out of five types of dental specialists ( oral surgeons, endodontists, orthodontists, periodontists, and pediatric dentists), oral surgeons are consistently the highest earning dental specialists while periodontists are the lowest earning dental specialists.
Top 5 Highest Paying Forensic Science Careers Forensic Medical Examiner . Perhaps the highest paying position in the field of forensic science is forensic medical examiner . Forensic Engineer. Forensic Accountant . Crime Scene Investigator. Crime Laboratory Analyst.
There are seven types of bite marks ; ‘Haemorrhage’ (a small bleeding spot), ‘Abrasion’ (undamaging mark on skin), ‘Contusion’ (ruptured blood vessels, bruise), ‘Laceration’ (near puncture of skin), ‘Incision’ (neat punctured or torn skin), ‘Avulsion’ (removal of skin), and ‘Artefact’ ( bitten – off piece of body).
The three tasks that a forensic scientist performs are the following; collect and analyze evidence from the crime scene, provide expert testimony, and train other law enforcement in the recording and collection of evidence.
A clear impression means that there was significant pressure; an obvious bite signifies medium pressure; and a noticeable impression means that the biter used violent pressure to bite down.