Upon collection of dental evidence, the forensic odontologist analyzes and compares the bite marks. Studies have been performed in an attempt to find the simplest, most efficient, and most reliable way of analyzing bite marks.
However, the American Board of Forensic Odontology still stands behind the technique. Bite mark forensics are not only used for identifying perpetrators, they testified, but is also useful in child abuse cases to prove that bite marks belong to adult members of a household as opposed to other children.
Salary & Job Outlook: The average annual salary for Forensic Odontologists remains $150,000 – $185,000 , depending on their experience and qualification.
Dental records are used to aid in the identification of individuals who are victims of criminal acts, murder investigations, mass fatalities or missing persons.
There are seven types of bite marks ; ‘Haemorrhage’ (a small bleeding spot), ‘Abrasion’ (undamaging mark on skin), ‘Contusion’ (ruptured blood vessels, bruise), ‘Laceration’ (near puncture of skin), ‘Incision’ (neat punctured or torn skin), ‘Avulsion’ (removal of skin), and ‘Artefact’ ( bitten – off piece of body).
Forensic odontologists are highly experienced, specially trained dentists who use their expertise to help identify unknown remains and trace bite marks to a specific individual. The forensic odontologist may be called in to do so by police officers, the medical examiner or the coroner.
Forensic dentists (also known as forensic odontologists) have two different tasks: to identify the dead by their teeth and to determine who (or what) did the biting when bite marks are found.
A forensic dentist is an informal title for a forensic odontologist, a medical professional who is trained in odontology , a branch of forensic science that deals with the application of dental science in the identification of unknown human remains and bite marks.
A clear impression means that there was significant pressure; an obvious bite signifies medium pressure; and a noticeable impression means that the biter used violent pressure to bite down.
With such a profile a forensic odontologist can identify and report indicators for age at time of death , race and sex. Forensic odontologists can usually determine the sex, race and age (at the time of death ) from careful study of the teeth, their anatomical arrangement and the skull’s osteological features.
Pros of forensic science lie in the job outlook and salary potential for the career . The BLS provided an estimate of 14 percent job growth through 2028. While the average salary was $63,170, the BLS mentioned that the highest-paid forensic scientists made over $97,350 in May 2019.
Graduates of the D.D.S. and D.M.D. programs who wish to specialize may choose to earn a Master of Science or a Doctor of Science in Dentistry. Different specialties may take from 1- 4 years for a master’s or 3- 4 years for the doctorate.
Use the age of the child to help you determine whether the injured tooth is primary or permanent . ALL teeth in children less than 5 years of age are primary . Children 6–12 years of age have mixed dentition . ALL teeth in children older than 13 years of age are permanent .
There is no national database of dental records that is searchable by dental charting . However there is a national database that does contain dental records on missing persons.
[6-8,11,12]. Thus, small fragments of teeth can be identified from the burn remains and a reliable estimation of the temperature of exposure can be made. It was found that at lower temperatures the teeth fragmented into large particles and at higher temperature teeth disintegrated into numerous smaller particles.