Onychogryphosis is a thickening of the nails due to injury or infection. It mostly affects the toes — specifically the big toes. This condition is also known as ram’s horn nail and claw nail because it causes the nails to curve and resemble the shape of a ram’s horn or claw.
Nail bracing is a safe, simple, and inexpensive treatment option that avoids surgery, requires no anesthetic, requires no recovery period, allows wearing the existing shoes, offers immediate relief from pain, and allows the practice of daily activities. Braces can be used for prolonged periods of times.
If you have pincer nails, you may be tempted to trim the free end very short. However, this can increase the risk of ingrown toenails , so it’s a good idea to let the free end grow out a little bit. Your podiatrist can then fit you with a special orthotic to slowly straighten your nail plates.
As we age, our toenails – and fingernails – slow their growth rate, and the nails thicken because the nail cells, called onychocytes, sort of pile up. Fingernails appear to thicken less, probably because we tend to them more often with filing and buffing, which thins them.
Nail psoriasis sometimes causes too much keratin to grow under the nail. This overgrowth is called subungual hyperkeratosis. People with hyperkeratosis may notice a white , chalky substance under the nail. When this occurs in the toenails , the pressure of shoes pushing down on the nails might cause pain.
Pincer nails are nails that have become deformed with an increased, transverse over-curvature, with causes ranging from fungal disease or psoriasis , medications such as beta-blockers, or tumors or cysts. Most commonly, however, particularly in toenails, the causes are biomechanical or arthritic changes.
The toenail brace is a composite strip applied across your toenail . The strip behaves like a spring so when it’s bonded to the curved surface of your toenail it applies a gentle force that helps straighten the nail. Pressure from the side of the toenail is eliminated.
Typically, an ingrown toenail will grow out on its own. For pain relief, the nail can be soaked in warm salt water. Apply a topical antiseptic and bandage the toe. For serious or very painful cases of ingrown toenail , a healthcare provider can remove the ingrown portion of the nail.
In elderly people, the growth rate of the nail slows down relative to the adhesion strength, creating a condition called pincer nail where the nail plate forms a tight curl .
Spoon nails , on the other hand, come about when the fingernails soften and curl inward from the sides , creating a concave surface. Also known as koilonychia, spoon nails can be a sign of iron-deficiency anemia. Davis suggests paying attention to, but not fretting unduly, over changes to fingernails .
To properly cut your thick toenails , follow these steps: Soak your feet in warm water for at least 10 minutes to soften your nails, and then use a towel to thoroughly dry your feet and toenails . Using a nail clipper, make small cuts to avoid splintering the nail and cut straight across.
While there is no way to flatten or change the shape of an existing toenail , you can help correct the symptoms and alleviate the pain. The process is done by lifting the curve away from the flesh until it grows out normally, or by properly trimming the nail to eventually remove the curved part completely.
Your doctor or physical therapist may be able to suggest more exercises. Gently pull on your toes to stretch the bent joints. For example, if a joint bends up, gently stretch it down. Do towel curls . Put a towel flat under your feet and use your toes to crumple it. Do marble pickups.
An ingrown toenail is a foot condition that develops when the corner of the toenail grows down into the skin. It usually affects the big toe. Ingrown toenails often happen when people cut their toenails by tapering the corner of their toenail . If the toenail curves with the shape of the toe, it can grow into your skin.